Version: 1.1.4

DNSChaos Experiment

This document describes how to create DNSChaos experiments in Chaos Mesh.

DNSChaos allows you to simulate fault DNS responses such as a DNS error or a random IP address after a request is sent.

Deploy DNS service for chaos#

To create DNSChaos experiments in Chaos Mesh, you need to deploy a DNS service in Chaos Mesh by executing the command below:

helm upgrade chaos-mesh chaos-mesh/chaos-mesh --namespace=chaos-testing --set dnsServer.create=true

When the deployment finishes, check the status of this DNS service:

kubectl get pods -n chaos-testing -l

Make sure the Pod's STATUS is Running.

Configuration file#

Below is a sample DNSChaos configuration file:

kind: DNSChaos
name: busybox-dns-chaos
action: random
scope: inner
mode: all
- busybox
duration: '90s'
cron: '@every 100s'

For more sample files, see examples. You can edit them as needed.

Fields description#

  • action: Defines the chaos action for DNS chaos. Supported actions are:
    • error - Get an error when sending the DNS request
    • random - Get a random IP when sending the DNS request
  • scope: Defines the scope of the DNS chaos. Supported scopes are:

    • outer - DNS chaos only works on outer hosts of the Kubernetes cluster
    • inner- DNS chaos only works on inner hosts of the Kubernetes cluster
    • all - DNS chaos works on all hosts.
  • selector: Specifies the target pods for chaos injection. For more details, see Define the Scope of Chaos Experiment.


  • Currently, DNSChaos only supports record types A and AAAA.

  • The chaos DNS service runs CoreDNS with the k8s_dns_chaos plugin. If the CoreDNS service in your Kubernetes cluster contains some special configurations, you can edit configMap dns-server-config to make the configuration of the chaos DNS service consistent with that of the K8s CoreDNS service as shown below:

    kubectl edit configmap dns-server-config -n chaos-testing