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Simulate DNS Faults

This document describes how to create DNSChaos experiments in Chaos Mesh to simulate DNS faults.


To simluate DNS faults, you need to deploy a special DNS service called Chaos DNS Server.

In the latest version, Chaos Mesh will deploy Chaos DNS Server by default. If you don't need to simulate DNS faults, you can set dnsServer.create to false when installing Chaos Mesh:

DNSChaos Introduction

DNSChaos is used to simulate wrong DNS responses. For example, DNSChaos can return an error or return a random IP address when receiving a DNS request.

Check if Chaos DNS Server is deployed

Check if Chaos DNS Server is deployed by running the following command:

kubectl get pods -n chaos-mesh -l

Make sure that the Pod status is Running.


  1. Currently, DNSChaos only supports record types A and AAAA.

  2. The chaos DNS service runs CoreDNS with the k8s_dns_chaos plugin. If the CoreDNS service in your Kubernetes cluster contains some special configurations, you can edit configMap dns-server-config to make the configuration of the chaos DNS service consistent with that of the K8s CoreDNS service using the following command:

    kubectl edit configmap dns-server-config -n chaos-mesh

Create experiments using Chaos Dashboard

  1. Open Chaos Dashboard, and click NEW EXPERIMENT on the page to create a new experiment:

    Create Experiment

  2. In the Choose a Target area, choose DNS FAULT and select a specific behavior, such as ERROR. Then fill out the matching rules.

    DNSChaos Experiment

    According to the matching rules configured in the screenshot, the DNS FAULT takes effect for domains including,, and, which means that an error will be returned when a DNS request is sent to these three domains. For details of specific matching rules, refer to the description of the patterns field in Configuration Description.

  3. Fill out the experiment information, and specify the experiment scope and the scheduled experiment duration:

    Experiment Information

  4. Submit the experiment information.

Create experiments using the YAML file

  1. Write the experiment configuration to the dnschaos.yaml file:

    kind: DNSChaos
    name: dns-chaos-example
    namespace: chaos-mesh
    action: random
    mode: all
    - chaos-mesh.*
    - github.?om
    - busybox

    This configuration can take effect for domains including,, and, which means that an IP address will be returned when a DNS request is sent to these three domains. For specific matching rules, refer to the patterns description in Configuration Description.

  2. After the configuration file is prepared, use kubectl to create an experiment:

    kubectl apply -f dnschaos.yaml

Configuration Description

ParameterTypeDescriptionDefault valueRequiredExample
actionstringDefines the behavior of DNS fault. Optional values: random or error. When the value is random, DNS service returns a random IP address; when the value is error, DNS service returns an error.NoneYesrandom or error
patternsString arraySelects a domain template that matches faults. Placeholder ? and wildcard are supported. *[],,
modestringSpecifies the mode of the experiment. The mode options include one (selecting a random Pod), all (selecting all eligible Pods), fixed (selecting a specified number of eligible Pods), fixed-percent (selecting a specified percentage of Pods from the eligible Pods), and random-max-percent (selecting the maximum percentage of Pods from the eligible Pods).NoneYesone
valuestringProvides parameters for the mode configuration, depending on mode. For example, when mode is set to fixed-percent, value specifies the percentage of Pods.NoneNo1
selectorstructSpecifies the target Pod. For details, refer to Define the Scope of Chaos Experiments.NoneYes
  • The wildcard in patterns configuration must be at the end of string. For example, chaos-mes*.org. is an invalid configuration.

  • When patterns is not configured, faults are injected for all domains.